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Programs That Are Regulated By The Division of Child Development

If your provider is caring for more than two children who aren't related and they provide care for more than four hours a day, they probably should be licensed. In general, there are two types of programs regulated by the state, family child care homes and child care centers.

  • Family child care home

    A smaller program offered in the provider's residence where three to five preschool children are in care. They may also provide care for three school age children

  • Child care center

    A larger program providing care for three or more children, but not in a residential setting. The number of children in care is based upon the size of individual classrooms and having sufficient staff, equipment and materials.

Programs That Are Exempt From Regulation

Listed below are those instances where a program does not have to be regulated by the Division:

  • Recreational programs operated for less than four consecutive months in a year (e.g. summer camps)
  • Specialized activities or instruction such as athletics, dance, art, music lessons, horseback riding, gymnastics, or organized clubs for children, such as Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, 4-H groups, or boys and girls clubs
  • Drop-in or short-term care provided while parents participate in activities that are not employment related, and where the parents are on the premises or otherwise easily accessible, such as drop-in or short-term care provided in health spas, bowling alleys, shopping malls, resort hotels, or churches
  • Public schools
  • Nonpublic schools that are accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and that operate a child care facility for less than six and one-half hours per day
  • Vacation Bible schools
  • Centers and homes located on federal property over which the federal government has control (military based and the Cherokee Indian reservation)
  • Cooperative arrangements among parents to provide care for their own children as a convenience rather than for employment
  • Any child care program or arrangement consisting of two or more separate components, each of which operates for four hours or less per day with different children attending each component

Regulations For Child Care

All child care programs are required to meet child care requirements. Child care requirements ensure that programs are meeting the minimum standards for care in North Carolina.  Programs must maintain a compliance history of 75% for the past 18 months or the length of time the facility has operated. Some of the child care licensing requirements that are checked in a program’s compliance history are:

  • Supervision of children
  • Condition of equipment and materials
  • Discipline practices
  • Child/staff ratios
  • Sanitation practices
  • Staff education and training development

In addition, centers are required to meet sanitation, building and fire codes as required by other state agencies. The Star Rated License System recognizes facilities for their voluntary efforts to exceed these minimum standards.

When you enroll your child in a program, you should receive a summary of the requirements from the provider. You can also print (legal size paper required) the summary from this web site. If you are interested in viewing more details about child care requirements, click on the complete text of the North Carolina Child Care Requirements.

Monitoring Child Care Regulations

The Division employs child care consultants to ensure child care regulations are being met. The consultants are located throughout the state and are responsible for a caseload of licensed programs in one or more counties. The consultants conduct annual unannounced site visits to evaluate compliance. Additional visits may be made for a variety of reasons such as:

  • Pre-licensing visits for new programs
  • Complaint investigations, including abuse and neglect
  • Technical assistance
  • Rated license evaluations
  • Follow-up visits, as necessary

Documentation of information gathered during these visits is available for the public to view. If you would like to review the documentation of information gathered during a visit, you can ask for it from your provider or contact the Division of Child Development at 800.859.0829. You can also view most of this information online using the Division's Facility Search Site.

Parent Involvement

Because parents are in a child care program each day, they have the best knowledge of what the provider is, or is not doing. Children need for parents to constantly assess the child care arrangement. Here are some proactive ways parents can evaluate child care providers on an ongoing basis:

  • Ask your child what he or she does during the day
  • Find out how he or she interacts with the caregiver. Listen carefully to what your child says
  • Spend a few minutes each day to talk with the caregiver about your child
  • Drop in frequently and participate in activities
  • Observe behavior during drop-off and pick-up, and explore unexplained changes

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